White Line Disease

White Line Disease


Hi, I’m Danvers. I’m the Hoof Health
Consultant for SmartPak, and we’re going to talk about
White Line Disease today. White Line Disease
is occasionally referred to as onychomycosis. That is an infection of the
fingernail or the toenail. Basically, it’s a
fungal infection, and it differs from
thrush in that manner. Thrush is a bacterial infection. White Line Disease is a
fungal infection, therefore, it’s more pervasive,
more difficult to fight and get rid of. White Line Disease
causes more of a problem, and it comes in in the
white line or the lamina, and it simply eats
away at this area. It’s a very cheesy-looking
white, almost like, powdery look. And as you start working
at this, it’ll disintegrate and you’ll find
cavities and holes that come up through the lamina. You can take a probe and
run up into that structure, and you’ll find very often it’ll
go that high up into the wall, or even higher. And it may be isolated to an
area of fractions of an inch or it may pervade the
entire hoof capsule and go from one
side to the other. In and of itself, White Line
Disease doesn’t cause pain. It’s not a problem
in that respect. What it does is it detaches
the sensitive structure from the insensitive
structure, and you lose the integrity of the hoof
wall and the hoof capsule. The end result, untreated,
can be a laminitic episode, where your horse
will rotate simply because he’s lost connectivity. What you really need to do is
to get your vet and your farrier involved and make certain that
this is the condition you’re dealing with. The main reason for
that is that you want to make sure that you’re
not dealing with simple balance issues and maintenance issues. To really treat it,
what you have to do is open that area
up and oxygenate it. The minute you do that, you’re
taking a base of support away from the horse. As a general rule of thumb,
if you remove more than 30% of this base of support
in that procedure, then you’re going to have
to support that hoof capsule with some sort of appliance. It may be a bar shoe, a heart
bar shoe, any number of ways that you would provide
support back to this capsule. If you do end up
resecting the hoof walls or dealing with compromised
hoof wall, what you want to do is to get good growth. A hoof doesn’t repair
itself, it replaces itself. So anything you can
do to encourage growth is going to be wonderful. That means exercise
and activity as much as you are allowed to
do given the conditions. And it includes a good
hoof supplement program, so anything you can do
is going to be useful. Once you have a true
diagnosis and you’ve established a treatment protocol
with your vet and farrier, then you want to make sure that
you follow the veterinarian’s instructions on how to
provide care for that. Most often they’re going to have
you apply some sort of topical. In many cases it’ll
be a tamed iodine, a Betadine-type product. But there are a number
of commercial products, and again as always
make certain that you’re using something that is
prescribed by your veterinarian or a commercially based
product for this purpose. I hope this was helpful. Stay with us for more hoof
health tips from SmartPak.


4 thoughts on “White Line Disease

  1. So my rescue mare has WLD severely to where were pretty sure shes lame in a leg because she does have a cut only in that hoof. I think its a pretty severe infection with very hollow hooves too. Her lame legs clearly hurts her and a farrier is coming out pretty soon but we have no money for a vet. Do you think she has of ever healing from that? Possibly with no lameness? Before we bought her not knowing how bad her condition was we were told she was amazing riding mare. I need to know ASAP!

  2. You have said this is not painful but my horse is lame from it. My 25 year old just got shod and was lame afterwards. He was long..guessing that once he got trimmed and re-set it activated something. Once my farrier came back out and removed the shoe, there was separation on one side of his hoof. We cleaned it out and I have been using White Lightning. He is still lame. He is getting his shoe put back on tomorrow. I am pretty stumped.

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