Performance Enhancing Drugs

Performance Enhancing Drugs


As long as there have been sports there
have been athletes in search of an advantage and of all of the ways to
get a leg up these days professionals often turn to performance-enhancing drugs. You hear
about them in just about every sport. In the U.S. some of the best baseball players
of all time have been accused of using PEDs. American football players are regularly
suspended for failing drug tests. And of course Lance Armstrong famously,
finally came clean about blood doping in 2012 vacating his seven Tour de France
victories in the process. And then there’s the whole deer antler spray
thing. There’s no shortage of ways athletes
tried to enhance their performance. Some of them work but at high cost to their health, their
wealth and others just don’t work at all. So which are which
and how do they work and not work? Give me a few minutes and I’ll
give you a few lessons in the science of why cheaters never win. We refer to them as drugs but most
performance enhancers are really just versions of the chemicals that you
already have in your body. These are the compounds that your body
uses to build and heal itself and keep itself healthy. But by ramping up the levels that these
compounds in the hopes of getting more out of your body you could end up putting yourself in a
world of hurt. HGH or human growth hormone is a good place to start. Even
though we all have it a lot of people have no idea what it is.
Your body produces HGH from the pituitary gland at the base of your
brain. It stimulates growth and cell
development and works with another hormone called insulin-like growth factor-1 also known
as IGF1. HGH is converted into IGF1 in
the liver and it has several effects throughout the body including increasing
bone and muscle growth. The natural production of HGH peaks during teenage
years, starts to steadily decreased about the time you hit 30 and declines through the rest of your
life. Growth hormone does help regulate metabolism in adults but its main
purpose is really to spur growth during childhood. Since 1985 an injectable form of
HGH has been produced synthetically and the US Food and Drug Administration
approved it to treat children with growth issues, genetic disorders, and kidney problems.
For adults HGH might be prescribed for conditions like bone loss or high
cholesterol or very rare pituitary tumors. Despite its high cost; a month supply HGH
can cost up to five thousand dollars. Human growth hormone has become popular
among athletes looking for an edge. A big reason for this is that it is
really hard to detect since everyone’s body produces it. Also HGH starts to
break down within 30 minutes injection so even the best test can only
detect it like through abnormally high levels of certain antibodies in the blood within 12 to 24
hours. But here’s the thing. For all the athletes and dozens of
sports who take HGH there’s actually very little evidence that it provides any performance enhancement. HGH may
stimulate muscle and bone growth but whether that translates into increased
power strength or endurance is unclear. Researchers in California recently
conducted a review of 44 studies of growth hormone in athletes. more than 300 volunteers and all these
studies combined received injections of growth hormone for an average of
twenty days similar to a drug cycle that an elite
athlete might use. While those who receive the HGH instead of the placebo
did increase their lean body mass by over two kilograms, there was no
measurable increase in either their strength or their exercise capacity. There’s been all of one study that
reported a positive effect of growth hormone on athletic performance. At the University of Queensland in
Australia scientist in 2010 study 103 recreational athletes and found that
while those taking HGH showed no improvement in strength or general
fitness, their sprinting times on a bicycle
improved by 4%. That’s all. Not a huge difference but in a competitive event 4% could represent the difference between winning
the gold and finishing last. What several other studies did find and what
anti-doping agencies have discovered is that the performance does improve when HGH is used with
testosterone and you know the call derivatives of the hormone
testosterone? If you said anabolic steroid then you
win a gold medal of your own. We’ve talked about steroids before but it’s kind
of impossible to talk about performance enhancers without touching on them again.
Steroids are a kinda lipid or fat molecule your body makes two very different types.
One can you might be familiar with are corticosteroids. Their hormone produced by your adrenal
glands down there on your kidneys and they’re handy at things like immune
function, stress response, and controlling inflammation. You may have been prescribed medications
that are synthetic versions these steroids to treat joint injuries or an auto-immune disease
or just a really bad poison ivy rash which is why I took it. The other
kind of steroids are androgenic anabolic steroids. the main
one of these is testosterone which as you know produces male sex
characteristics. But the steroids also include compounds
that stimulate the synthesis of proteins and eventually new muscle fibers. This process is called
anabolism and steroids that drive it are anabolic steroids. When synthetic
versions are these bad boys are used illegally by athletes actually abused
might be the better term here the combination of steroids and
exercise can increase a man’s strength by more than 38 percent and its at least that high for women.
Anabolic steroids can be freakishly efficient especially when the user take
more than one. Doping athletes generally take steroids
in cycles lasting between one and three months when strength training in the
offseason this is also when they’re less likely to
get tested. When injected or swallowed these steroids travel to muscle tissue
where they attached to receptors on the membranes have muscle cells. The receptors
deliver the steroid hormones to the nucleus of the cells where they stimulate anabolism a
synthesis of proteins. But anabolic steroids also carry with them some crazy side
effects. Not only do raised testosterone levels often lead to increased
aggression and sex drive but they can also strangely enough lead to shrinking testicles, impotence,
and heart damage. In women steroids can cause facial hair growth, acne, liver damage, breast reduction, and
changes to or total stopping of the menstrual cycle. Now that you are wondering what I can
assure you that this body is completely steroid free. I mean do I have to list the side effect again?
Don’t do that. Also if you’re more into aerobic activities especially
competitive bicycle racing can I suggest that you not partake in blood doping? Bicyclists and other endurance athletes
will often use anabolic steroids but blood doping is becoming more and more
common in large part because it’s harder to detect. This kind of doping generally works in one of two ways. Either through direct blood
transfusions in many cases athletes use their own blood, or through injections a synthetic form
other through erythropoietin or EPO a hormone that controls the body’s
production of red blood cells in both cases the goal is the same to increase
the number red blood cells in the body to increase physical stamina. Red blood cells use a protein called
hemoglobin to bind with oxygen and delivered throughout your body. Since your body uses up to 20 times more
oxygen during strenuous exercise then while resting if you can raise your red blood cell
count by having more blood or with EPO your tissues can keep getting the oxygen.
they need and you can keep cycling or whatever for a lot longer. And before you
know it you’ve won the world’s most famous bicycle race by cheating. The dangerous world of PEDs
is of course not limited to HGH steroids and blood doping. The longer you look the stranger the
stories you will hear of athletes attempting to get an edge. This includes baseball player Manny
Ramirez who in 2009 was suspended for 50 games after testing positive for human
chorionic gonadotropin. A hormone that women produce during
pregnancy. Turns out it also boost testosterone
levels in men and can increase sperm production. Ironically many steroid users
take HCG after developing fertility PEDs also aren’t limited to
sports where the competitors aim to be stronger or faster. In 2008 a member the North Korean Olympic team
was stripped of two medals after testing positive for propranolol. Propranolol is a drug used to treat hypertension and
prevent trembling. The sport in question, shooting.
Similar PED use is also a problem in the archery World where shaky hands can lead
to poor performance. And then there’s deer antler spray. A PED that you
probably didn’t know existed until 2012. That’s when NFL player Ray Lewis
admitted to using the stuff in the hopes of speeding his recovery after tearing a
bicep. The velvety tissue on young deer antlers contains high levels of
growth hormone IGF1 that I mentioned earlier this is partly what makes antlers grow
so quickly some companies claim that they can extract this hormone from the
tissue and then put it in a spray that can be administered under the tongue. You will no doubt be
shocked to hear that there’s no evidence that IGF1 of one can be successfully
delivered in a pill or spray form even if the hormone comes from the antlers
and some super deer in New Zealand and yet deer antler spray has fast
become one of the more popular supplements on the market. So here is my
advice to all the athletes out there if the choice is between injecting yourself with synthetic testosterone that makes you sterile and unable to have sex changing the amount of blood you have in
your body or buying some crazy concoctions supposedly made from a deer’s
head and putting it under your tongue I
recommend choosing none of the above. thanks for watching this episode of
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not do this. If you have any questions or comments or ideas
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100 thoughts on “Performance Enhancing Drugs

  1. Serious side effects are only caused by the abuse of several steroids at high doses. Things like balls shrinking is just temporary. There is a lot more going on than "steroids are bad, you are a cheater".

  2. Everyone in the tour de france was cheating. They tried to give his medals to the next guy, who said "Oh, I was doing that too…" so they went to the next guy and he said "Guys, we were all doing that… keep your fucking medals"

  3. Steroids get a bad rap simply because we don't have very conclusive information about taking them. there have been literally NO studies done showing long term negative side effects when used in the recommended way. We have only found negative long term side effects when steroids are abused up to this point, and negative public perception also comes from the fact that they are illegal to use in most competition rather than them causing negative effects in and of themselves.

  4. I heard about 20 yrs ago (got out in 2002) some members of the Marine Corps shooting team tested positive for opiates. Don't know if it's true or not.

  5. I'm a supporter of mandatory steroid use for professional sports. The only reason we have professional sports is for the viewers, and the entertainment quality will be so much higher if everyone was on steroids.

  6. Not quite fair to suggest that no studies find a supplement to be beneficial. It needs to be evaluated in the same scenario that the dopers are using. Whilst conducting research into steroids I found that many old studies said that anabolic steroids had no effect. This was because they had to use such low doses to pass ethics boards and didn't reflect actual doping amounts.

  7. So all of our anti's producing purposes being manufactured, is the main reason for our despair, Kool

  8. If you have more red blood cells, how do you get more oxygen? Do you not absorb as much oxygen as I thought?

  9. Of course testosterone does the opposite of making you unable to have sex. You have/want it CONSTANTLY. As far as sex drive goes, testosterone essentially turns you into a junior high school boy. You used to pull your girlfriend's hair three or four times a week?

    Now it's six times a day and it won't stop until you stop taking it. Then you go back to normal and your girl can't decide whether she's glad or not 😉

  10. This is stubid topic. i hate when some one say i used steroids because i have big muscles. but only thing i have done is 7years of hard training

  11. am i the only one who thinks they should let the athletes do as much drugs as they want. as long as everybodys doing them it would be fair. also it would be a 1000x better to watch if everybody was a freaky super human that could run faster and throw further than any normal person. buuut thats just me

  12. I would like to know how to naturally make my body, or more specifically my blood, naturally more efficient at storing oxygen.

  13. BS drugs dont casually increase your performance by a small margin… that is one of hte most stupid things i have heard…. they are way more effective then this video says.. do you think atheltes want to risk loosing medals and health for 10 20 % increase?

  14. igf1 actually works very well so I'm not sure where u guys got ur info on that one. but I do like n follow ur channel 🙂

  15. screw it let them turn themselves into guinea pigs. Would be more entertaining seeing them jump 30 feet into the air anyway.

  16. Oh great the morality of PED's just explain what it is and move on.. more times than not is who's got the hand in the kitty and who's making money in the back half sports. it was determining what's legal and what's not I who is making the money. A fine example was the UCI with Armstrong I didn't care he could be quit making them all the money and expanding the sport probably 24 from when he started so I'll take all lot of stocking of them

  17. there is a way to naturally increase red blood cell count, there is a way to naturally increase red blood cell count. they can take up the years to get to that position but you can also keep it for several months.

  18. Finland was the Best sport country In the world, then doping Came, and finland started losing. Hmmmm… Wonder why….

  19. You can tell who was using the Growth Hormone cuz they look like Ninja Turtles, having a specifically big belly although with muscles, it really looks like the shell of mentioned turtles.

  20. This guy doesn't understand the reality of high level pro sports. Everyone is doping! That's what you have to do to compete. If you don't use, then your spot will get taken by someone who does. Sadly, there's a difference in sports between doping and cheating. Lance Armstrong is a good example.

  21. Mostly accurate, but they are missing the mark on some of the facts. Ex: infertility pretty much only occurs if you stay on cycle for decades without either supplementing PCT hormones like HCG. Another example is sex drive is definitely enhanced on testosterone and is frequently used to cure impotence so long as it's administered correctly. Most general doctors don't know their head from their ass with hormones so specialized clinics is the best route.

  22. Hey I have a question, so my mom was telling me that my aunt took progesterone while pregnant with my cousin and that's why he's really smart. However, I am skeptical because progesterone is also the hormone used in my Mirena birth control. How does that work out? Is what my mom was saying really true can that hormone really make kids smarter too? I know progesterone is a naturally occurring hormone but is it because of the different levels of it that make different effects?

  23. I take Epogen because of renal failure, life sucks when you can't walk a block without running out of breath because of low hemoglobin.

  24. If you don't know the effects of the steroids you are using then you may experience a problem in the pants. However, if you do know what you are doing, you will get QUITE THE LIBIDO BOOST! Guys should try that for ED instead of whatever pills. You'll get way more out of it. That is of course if you aren't trying to have kids at the time cause you won't be able to, but you certainly can put in all of the required work and some.

  25. How do I get better at ____? Through more vigorous and rigorous training and perhaps more studying on ways to be better? ILL CHEAT INSTEAD

  26. Lol too much knowledge from this geek yet not the right information on steroids obiously talking about sports and it’s anabolics from a skinny guy is as stupid as a fat guy talking about going on a diet like if it will ever happen

  27. Taking GABA allegedly stimulates your body to produce it's own HGH. I tried taking it for a while when I was a student. GABA can help you sleep but I have no evidence it increases lean mass. But I am very lean anyway so who knows.

  28. I took medical steroids for bronchitis and I was hyper aggressive and attacked my parents because I was angry with them I got help though.

  29. The negative effects of steroids are always made out like they ate DEFINITELY going to happen to you on a cycle…..wrong, love this channel, and I know you can't be like "oh steroids are brilliant" but they arnt as bad as every one likes to make out

  30. Living or having a training session on Highlands is also Blood doping
    It gives you more red blood cell, which is same with blood doping

  31. What's with all the anti-scientific preaching? I think highlighting the risks is useful… but this seems to take the line "if you do this terrible things will happen" with the implication (bcause it is wrong).

  32. YOU STUFFED UP MATE!! AT 6:22 YOU SAID "20 TIMES MORE OXYGEN" WHEN ON THE SCREEN IT WAS WRITTEN "20% MORE OXYGEN"!!! If it is 20 times more oxygen, then it would be the equivalent to 2000% more oxygen as compared to what was written on the screen as 20% more oxygen! A HUUUUUUUUUUUUUUGE DIFFERENCE my friend. I suggest that you do a video to retract what you said here, or take this video down, and then redo it please, before somebody overdoses on EPO.

  33. you should have mentioned that anabol steroids don't have any positive effect if you're not exercising like madman while using them. so a fat couchpotato whose longest walk is the way from the tv to the WC won't benefit in any way from the use and abuse of such drugs.

  34. This little prick is giving alot of bad info on anabolics. So the people prescribed test for TRT and suffer no sidr effects are what? Anomalies to the side effects? No, only serious anabolic users suffer. When taken properly testosterone is the most amazing substance

  35. Mind enhancing would be enough for me 🙂 – body would be nice, but over all? Smart drugs over body enhancing drugs!

  36. They need to be illegal. People are quick to boast about IQ scores, and assert that it predicts everything in life, but then have the audacity to pop Adderall and Ritalin. Meanwhile, many people rely on natural emotional strengths to get themselves in school, actually behaving intelligently.

  37. I WANT TO KNOW ABOUT HOW YOU GET THE INFORMATION BECAUSE ITS HARD TO SEE RESEARCH IN SOME SITES BECAUSE ITS NOT FREE

  38. Very difficult to monitor all the drugs out there in competition. If you take a highly competent athlete and give him a slight edge with a drug, he/she becomes a fearless machine. Sure, there are dangerous side-effects down the road but they will deal with the cancer and shrinking testicles, impotence, low fertility, mental retardation after they put their trophy in the glass cabinet and their names in the record books. But, they stripped Lance Armstrong of his achievements after the fact. Must be hard to resist a substance that can make you feel immortal and move you to the top. Glad I am not in that position. Look at Lyle Alzado, undersized lineman, ferocious and even performed admirably in a non-title fight against The Greatest (no drugs) Mohammed Ali. We all have these substances and receptors in our bodies already but these additions really enliven them.

  39. In what world does achieving faster sprinting times on a bicycle, equate to no improvement in athletic performance or general fitness? In that context alone it in fact equates to a 4% increase in athletic performance which in the world of elite athletic competition such as, racing on a bicycle, 4% can not only be the difference between winning and losing but it can also represent a very significant difference in monetary compensation. Exponentially greater than 4%. Just saying.

  40. I hate powerful mind Altering sedatives. Your not given higher stats because you take performance enhancing drugs. I wish I can get in my parents faces. I get what I want without medication. I want to know about mega millions.

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