Hi I’m Louis. I’m a 3rd year medical student
at Oriel College, Oxford and I’m here to give you an example of the type of interview
questions you can expect at an Oxbridge medical interview. This is a graph I was given at my medical
interview and I’m going to talk you through some of the questions I was asked about it. First of all what does this graph show? The
graph shows the number of deaths from tuberculosis per million members of population per year
between around 1830 and 1960. Even if you cannot identify the disease from clues such
as Tubercle bacillus identified and BCG vaccination, you can say that this graph shows reduction
in death rate over time from 4000/million/year to only around 50/million/year. Next, what do you understand by the term chemotherapy.
Chemotherapy although normally associated with the treatment of cancer is the chemical
treatment of any disease. In this case, the disease is tuberculosis caused by the bacterium
Mycobacterium Tuberculosis and the chemotherapy is an antibiotic drug. Next what do you think is the most important
contribution to the fall in tuberculosis deaths in the period shown? This is something of
a trick question designed to get you thinking about the causes and treatments of disease.
As you can see from the graph, none of the three medical advances shown has much of an
effect on death rates in terms of absolute number of deaths per year. Because the question
is broad, the interviewers is asking you to move beyond the scope of the graph to suggest
other factors which may have contributed to the fall in death rate from tuberculosis during
this period. Sanitation improved drastically within this
time frame and this would have contributed in large part to a reduction in the spread
of tuberculosis and, therefore, and the reduction in death from the disease. Nutrition is another
key example, with better nutrition improving the immune system’s ability to protect against
the infection and progression of diseases such as tuberculosis. I hope you found this video useful. And if
you would like to know more about applying for Oxbridge or preparing for interviews,
then please get in touch here with us here at GuruMe (old Young Tutors).