Today we will learn how we should store insulin, how to use insulin pens and how to carefully dispose needles. Insulin therapy is an important part of diabetes management but whenever people hear about insulin they get very worried. People think that insulin can only be taken through syringes, and they don’t have knowledge about new ways and techniques to take insulin. Through this video, today we will teach you about insulin technique through which you can easily take insulin through pens. When purchasing insulin, it’s important to keep some things in your mind. When buying insulin, make sure that you tally the name and type written in the insulin pen matches with the name and type on your prescription. Make sure to always check the expiry date of the insulin which will always be written on the pen. It’s also important to examine the appearance of the insulin. Carefully examine the pen to make sure there are no lumps or discoloration on it. Let’s find out what’s the best way to store Insulin. You should always keep your new pens and sealed cartridges in the refrigerator between 2°C-8°C. Be careful to never keep it in the freezer or the chill tray. If the Insulin freezes then it will be ruined. Our advice is that Insulin pens should be kept inside a plastic container first and then put in the refrigerator. Once an insulin pen has been opened and you have begun using it then it’s not necessary to keep it in the refrigerator. You can keep it at room temperature which is less than 30°C. Come, let’s find out how to inject Insulin. New pens should be taken out of the refrigerator 20-30 minutes before they are used, because Insulin is stored at cold temperature but it is administered at room temperature. If your insulin is cloudy, then before applying it, you need to properly mix it because it settles at the bottom. To mix cloudy Insulin, you can take the insulin pen between your palms and slowly roll it 10 times and then turn it upside down 10 times, like this. An insulin pen has 3 parts. This is the first part. It’s called a dialer. With the help of this part, you can set the doses of the pen. This is the second part of the pen.
It’s called a cartridge. This is where the Insulin is filled. and this is the third part where we fix the needles. remove the lower cover of the needle and then fix the needle on the pen. Rotate it clockwise like you close the cap of a bottle. Keep rotating until it stops rotating. After this, remove the outer cover and keep it aside for future use and remove the inner cover as well. After fixing the needle to the insulin pen, it’s very important to prime the Insulin Pen. To prime an Insulin pen, you should adjust the dialer to 2 units. After setting the pen to 2 units, hold the pen like this. the Needle should face upwards. After holding the pen like this, you should lightly tap it like this and then press it. If you can see insulin drops in the needle that means that your pen is working correctly and there are no air bubbles. The next step after priming the insulin pen is to inject the correct insulin dosage. Whatever your prescribed insulin dosage, you can set it using the dialer. For example, if you want to set 10 units, then you should set 10 units in front of the arrow. After setting the correct dosage hold the pen like inside your fist like this. You should Keep your thumb straight. After holding the pen like this, using your thumb and first finger pinch the area a little where you want to apply Insulin and then insert the insulin pen at a 90° angle. After inserting the Insulin pen in the skin, you should press the plunger properly till the time the dialer comes down to 0 and stops. After holding for 10 seconds you should remove your thumb and slowly remove the pen away from the skin. Always keep in mind that you should never use the same needle multiple times. You should use a needle once and then it should be disposed. Now let’s find out where all you can apply Insulin on your body. You can apply Insulin at 4 places on the body. The first place is on the abdomen or on the stomach.
It’s called the best site to apply Insulin. If you want to put insulin on the stomach then except for 2 inch area all around the belly button, you can cover the rest of the stomach area. The second area is on the thighs.
You can use the upper or the outer area of the thighs to apply Insulin. The third area is the arms.
You should always use the backside of the arms to apply Insulin. You can use the area between your shoulder and your elbow to apply Insulin. and the fourth area is the buttocks or the hips.
If we divide the buttocks into four parts then you can use the outer upper fourth area to apply Insulin. To use the insulin injection sites effectively, it’s important that you use all of the area. Don’t concentrate all your insulin shots at the same area. This will significantly decrease the chance for lump formation. For example if you take 2-3 shots of insulin daily then what you can do is take your morning shots on your stomach and apply your night shots on the thighs. Now let’s find out the correct way to dispose of used needles. After Injecting insulin, you should not keep the needle attached to the pen. You should fix the outer white cap on top of the needle and after rolling it anticlockwise, you should remove it from the pen. To dispose of the needles, don’t throw them in the dustbin or don’t flush them in the toilet. You should collect the needles in a hard plastic bottle which you can’t squeeze or crumple and when that bottle fills up ¾ then you can seal the bottle then dispose it. If you have any more questions about the insulin techniques then you can ask us in the comments below.